The POMOR Program of Primary Health Care Education is developed on the basis of The Russian Health Reform, stating that the new Russian health system should gradually be turned from the hospital outpatient clinics into a system based on primary health care outside the old institutions, closer to the people. A systematic educational program has been initiated, based on a close cooperation between the Regional Health Ministries of Murmansk and Arkhangelsk, the University of Tromsø (UiT), The Northern universities of Sweden, The Northern State Medical University of Arkhangelsk and the Norwegian Medical Association.
A pre-project has been used to develope the comprehensive program with support from the Barents Health Program. A steering group is established and the program is developed as an activity under the Norwegian National Centre of Rural Medicine (NCRM) at UiT with Svein Steinert as responsible person. Two tutors were appointed in both Norway and Russia, and the first 8 colleagues in each county were selected in autumn 2008. The formal program started in March 2009. A two years education program was created, leading up to a formal accreditation of the 8 x 2 colleagues in June 2011. An important part of the GP trainee contracts was to be tutors for new groups of Russian colleagues from 2011/2012.