-Dybwad C, Assmy P, Olsen LM, Peeken I, Nikolopoulos A, Krumpen T, Randelhoff A, Tatarek A, Wiktor JM, Reigstad M (2021). Carbon export in the seasonal sea ice zone north of Svalbard from winter to late summer. Frontiers in Marine Science, 21:

-Wiedmann I, Ceballos-Romero E, Villa-Alfageme M, Renner AHH, Dybwad C, van der Jagt H, Svensen C, Assmy P, Wiktor JM, Tatarek A, Rozanska-Pluta M, Iversen MH (2020). Arctic observations identify phytoplankton community composition as driver of carbon flux attenuation. Geophysical Research Letters, 47: e2020GL087465.

Leasi F, Sevingy JL, Hassett BT (2020). Meiofauna as a valuable bioindicator of climate change in the polar regions. Ecological Indicators, 107133.

Wassmann P, Carmack EC, Bluhm BA, Duarte CM, Berge J, Brown K, Brebmeier JM, Holding J, Kosobokova K, Kwok R, Matrai P, Agusti S, Babin M, Bhatt U, Eicken H, Polyakov I, Rysgaard S, Huntington HP (2020). Towards a unifying pan-arctic perspective: A conceptual modelling toolkit. Progress In Oceanography, 189: 102455.

Gradinger R (2020). Life in Arctic Sea Ice. Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences. Elsevier.

-Johnsen G, Leu E, Gradinger R (2020). Marine Micro- and Macroalgae in the Polar Night. In: Berge J, Johnsen G, Cohen J (eds) POLAR NIGHT Marine Ecology, Book 4. Springer, 67-112.

-Lund-Hansen LC, Søgaard DH, Sorrell BK, Gradinger R, Meiners KM (2020). Arctic Sea Ice Ecology. Springer Polar Sciences. Springer, Cham.

-Bluhm BA, Janout M, Danielson S, Ellingsen I, Gavrilo M, Grebmeier JM, Hopcroft RR, Iken KB, Ingvaldsen RB, Jørgensen LL, Kosobokova KN, Kwok R, Polyakov I, Renaud PE, Carmack EC. Arctic continental slopes sharp gradients of physical processes affect pelagic and benthic ecosystems. Frontiers in Marine Science. Research Topic Towards a unifying pan-Arctic perspective of the contemporary and future Arctic Ocean, Front. Mar. Sci. 7:544386. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2020.544386

-Keck Al-Habahbeh A, Kortsch S, Bluhm BA, Beuchel F, Gulliksen B, Ballantine C, Cristini D, Primicerio R (2020). Arctic coastal benthos long-term response to perturbations under climate warming. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 20190355.

-Gradinger RBluhm BA (2020). First Arctic sea ice meiofauna food web analysis based on abundance, biomass and stable isotope ratios of sea ice metazoan fauna from near-shore Arctic fast ice. Marine Ecology Progress Series 634:29-43. 

-Polyakov IV, Alkire MB, Bluhm BA, Brown KA, Carmack EC, Chierici M, Danielson SL, Ellingsen I, Ershova EA, Gårdfeldt K, Ingvaldsen RB, Pnyushkov AV, Slagstad D, Wassmann P (2020). Borealization of the Arctic Ocean in Response to Anomalous Advection From Sub-Arctic Seas. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7:491.

Agustí S, Krause, JW, Marquez IA, Wassmann P, Kristiansen S, Duarte CM (2019). Arctic (Svalbard Islands) Active and Exported Diatom Stocks and Cell Health Status. Biogeosciences,

-Ehrlich J, Schaafsma FL, Bluhm BA, Peeken I, Castellani G, Brandt A, Flores H (accepted). Sympagic fauna in and under Arctic pack ice in the annual sea ice system of the “new Arctic“. Frontiers in Marine Science,

-Wiedmann I, Ershova E, Bluhm BA, Nöthig E-M, Gradinger RR, Kosobokova K, Boetius A (2020). What feeds the bentho of the Arctic Basins? Assembling a carbon budget for the deep Arctic Ocean. Frontiers in Marine Science 7:224.

-Hop H, Vihtakari M, Assmy P, Bluhm B, Gradinger R, Melnikov I, Mork Olsen L, Peeken I, Poulin M, von Quillfeld C (2020). Changes in Sea-Ice Protist Diversity With Declining Sea Ice in the Arctic Ocean From the 1980s to 2010s. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7:243.

Hassett BT (2020). A Widely Distributed Thraustochytrid Parasite of Diatoms Isolated from the Arctic Represents a gen. and sp. Nov.  Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology,  doi:10.1111/jeu.12796.

Vonnahme TR, Deitrich U, Hassett BT (2020). Progress in Microbial Ecology in Ice-Covered Seas. In: Jungblut S., Liebich V., Bode-Dalby M. (eds) YOUMARES 9 – The Oceans: Our Research, Our Future. Springer, Cham.

-Danielsen HE, Hjelset AM, Bluhm BA, Hvingel C, Agnalt AL (2019). A first fecundity study of the female snow crab Chionoecetes opilio Fabricius, 1788 (Decapoda: Brachyura: Oregoniidae) of the newly established population in the Barents Sea. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 39:485-492.

-Divine LM, Mueter FJ, Kruse GH, Bluhm BA, Jewett SC, Iken K (2019). New estimates of weight-at-size, maturity-at-size, fecundity, and biomass of snow crab, Chionoecetes opilio, in the Arctic Ocean off Alaska. Fisheries Research, 218:246-258.

Bluhm BA, Kilada R, Ambrose W, Renaud PE, Sundet JE (2019). First record of cuticle bands in the stomach ossicles of the red king crab Paralithodes camtschaticus (Tilesius, 1815)(Decapoda: Anomura: Lithodidae) from Norway. Journal of Crustacean Biology, ruz064.

Ershova E, Descoteaux R, Wangensteen O, Iken K, Hopcroft R, Smoot C, Grebmeier JM, Bluhm BA (2019). Diversity and distribution of meroplanktonic larvae in the Pacific Arctic and connectivity with adult benthic invertebrate communities. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, p.490.

Wassmann P, Slagstad D, Ellingsen I (2019). Advection of Mesozooplankton Into the Northern Svalbard Shelf Region. Frontiers in Marine Sciences,

-Sanz-Martin M, Vernet M, Cape MR, Mesa E, Delgado-Huertas A, Reigstad M, Wassmann P, Duarte CM (2019). Relationship Between Carbon- and Oxygen-Based Primary Productivity in the Arctic Ocean, Svalbard Archipelago. Frontiers in Marine Sciences,

Hassett BT, Vonnahme TR, Peng X, Jones EBG, Heuzé C (2019). Global diversity and geography of planktonic marine fungi. Botanica Marina,

Zhulay I, Iken K, Renaud P, Bluhm BA (2019) Epifaunal community across marine landscapes of the deep Chukchi Borderland (Pacific Arctic). Deep-Sea Research I,

Ershova EA and Kosobokova KN (2019). Cross-shelf structure and distribution of mesozooplankton communities in the East-Siberian Sea and the adjacent Arctic Ocean. Polar Biology, 42: 1353–1367.

Hassett BT, Thines M, Buaya A, Ploch S, Gradinger R (2019). A glimpse into the biogeography, seasonality, and ecological functions of arctic marine Oomycota. IMA Fungus, 1:6.

-Lennert AE, Berge J (2019). Pinngortitaq – a place of becoming. Journal of Ecological Anthropology. 20(1).

-Vaque D… Wassmann P, Duarte CM (2019). Warming and COenhance Arctic heterotrophic microbial activityFrontiers in Microbiology, DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2019.00494.

Hassett BT, Borrego EJ, Vonnahme TR, Rämä T, Kolomiets MV, Gradinger R (2019). Arctic marine fungal: biomass, functional genes, and putative ecological roles. The ISME journal, DOI: 10.1038/s41396-019-0368-1.

-Ducluzeau AL, Tyson JR, Collins RE, Snutch TP, Hassett BT (2018).  Genome sequencing of sub-Arctic mesomycetozoean Sphaeroforma sirkka strain B5, performed with the Oxford Nanopore minION and Illumina HiSeq systems.  Microbiology Resource Announcements, DOI: 10.1128/MRA.00848-18.

-Paulsen ML, Seuthe L, Reigstad M, Larsen A, Cape M, Vernet M (2018). Asynchronous accumulation of organic carbon and nitrogen in the Atlantic gateway to the Arctic Ocean. Frontiers in Marine Science 2018; Volum 5. ISSN 2296-7745.s doi: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00416.

-Svense C, Antonsen MT, Reigstad M (2018). Small copepods matter: Population dynamics of Microsetella norvegica in a high-latitude coastal ecosystem. Journal of Plankton Research, DOI: 10.1093/plankt/fby019.

-Randelhoff A, Reigstad MKristiansen S (2018). Seasonality of the physical and biogeochemical hydrography in the inflow to the Arctic Ocean through Fram Strait. Frontiers in Marine Science, 5:224. 

-Basedow SL…Reigstad M (2018). Seasonal variation in transport of zooplankton into the Arctic Basin through the Atlantic gateway, Fram Strait. Frontiers in Marine Science, 5: DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00194.

-Sanz-Martín M… Reigstad M, Kristiansen S, Wassmann PDuarte CM (2018). Episodic Arctic CO2 Limitation in the West Svalbard Shelf. Frontiers in Marine Science,

-Krause JW, Duarte CM, Marquez IA, Assmy P, Fernández-Méndez M, Wiedmann I, Wassmann P, Kristiansen S, Agustí S (2018). Biogenic silica production and diatom dynamics in the Svalbard region during spring. Biogeoscience,

-Renaud PE..Cottier FBerge J (2018).  Pelagic food-webs in a changing Arctic: a trait-based perspective suggests a mode of resilience.  ICES Journal of Marine Science, doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsy063.

-Wollenburg JE…Dybwad C, Peeken I (2018).  Ballasting by cryogenic gypsum enhances carbon export in a Phaeocystis under-ice bloom.  Scientific Reports, 8: 7703.

-Johnsen G… Cottier FBerge J (2018). The advective origin of an under-ice spring bloom in the Arctic Ocean using multiple observational platforms. Polar Biology, 41: 1197-1216

-Degen R, Aune M, Bluhm BA, Cassidy C, Kendra M, Kraan C, et al (2018).  Trait-based approaches in rapidly changing ecosystems: A roadmap to the future polar oceans. Ecological Indicators, 91: 722-736.

-Ludvigsen M, Berge J… Johnsen G (2018). Use of an Autonomous Surface Vehicle reveals small-scale diel vertical migrations of zooplankton and susceptibility to light pollution under low solar irradiance. Science Advances, 4:1.

-Bluhm BA, Hop H, Vihtakari M, Gradinger R, Iken K, Melnikov IA, Søreide J (2018).  Sea ice meiofauna: meta-analysis of distribution and abundance documents large variability on local to pan-Arctic scales and across seasons. Ecology and EvolutionDOI: 10.1002/ece3.3797.

Hassett BT, Gradinger R (2018).  New species of saprobic Labyrinthulea (Labyrinthulomycota) and the erection of a gen. nov. to resolve molecular polyphyly within the aplanochytrids.  Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, DOI: 10.1111/jeu.12494.

-Michelsen HK, Svensen C, Reigstad M,  Nilssen EM, Pedersen T (2017). Seasonal dynamics of meroplankton in a high-latitude fjord. Journal of Marine Systems, 168: DOI: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2016.12.001.

Michelsen HK, Nilssen EM, Pedersen T, Reigstad M, Svensen C (2017). Spatial patterns of spring meroplankton along environmental gradients in a sub-Arctic fjord. Aquatic Biology, 28: 185-197.

-Wiedmann I, Tremblay JE, Sundfjord A, Reigstad M (2017). Upward nitrate flux and downward particulate organic carbon flux under contrasting situations of stratification and turbulent mixing in an Arctic shelf sea. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene  5:DOI: 10.1525/elementa.235.

-Bluhm BA, Hop H, Melnikov IA, Poulin M, Vihtakari M, Collins RE, Gradinger R, Juul-Pedersen T, von Quillfeldt C (2017). 3.1 Sea ice biota. In: CAFF. State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna International Secretariat, Akureyri, Iceland, 978-9935-431-63-9.

-Bluhm BA, Swadling K; Gradinger R (2017). Sea ice as habitat for macrograzers. Wiley-Blackwell 2017 ISBN 978-1-118-77838-8.s, DOI: 10.1002/9781118778371.ch16.

-Gradinger R; Bluhm BA, Das Leben (2017) im Eispalast: Flora und Fauna des arktischen Meereises. Springer, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-49714-2_5.

-Hassett BT, Gradinger R (2017). Eukaryotic microbial richness increases with latitude and decreasing temperature in the Pacific Subarctic domain in late winter.  Polar Biology, DOI: 10.1007/s00300-017-2131-2.  

-Hassett BT, Ducluzeau, AL, Collins RE. Gradinger R (2017). Spatial distribution of aquatic marine fungi across the western Arctic and sub-Arctic. Environmental Microbiology, 19: 475-484.

Holding JM, Duarte CM, Delgado-Huertas A, Soetaert K, Agusti S, Wassmann P, Middelburg JJ (2017).  Autochthonous contributions of organic carbon to microbial food webs in Svalbard fjords.  Limnology and Oceanography, 62: 1307-1323.

-Mesa E, Delgado-Huertas A, Carillo-de-Albornoz P, Garcia-Corral LS, Sanz-Martin M, Wassmann P, Reigstad M, Sejr M, Dalsgaard T, Duarte CM (2017).  Continuous daylight in the high-Arctic summer supports high plankton respiration rates compared to those supported in the dark.  Scientific Reports, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-01203-7.

-Oziel L, Neukermans G, Ardyna M, Landelot C, Tison JL, Wassman P, Sirven J, Ruiz-Pino D, Gascard JC (2017).  Role for Atlantic inflows and sea ice loss on shifting phytoplankton blooms in the Barents Sea.  Journal of Geophysical Research, 122: 5121-5139.

Berge J, Geoffrey M, Johnsen G, Cottier F, Bluhm B, Vogedes D (2016). Ice-tethered observational platforms in the Arctic Ocean pack ice. Proceedings CAMS Trondheim 24-26 Sept 2016.

-Renaud PR, Ambrose WG Jr, Bluhm BA. Under the Sea. In: Wassmann PF (ed) At the Edge. Okana forlag, Stamsund, ISBN: 978-82-8104-299-5.

Gradinger RBluhm B. Chapter 13. Sea ice, a unique habitat in Svalbard’s seas. In: Wassmann PF (ed) At the Edge. Okana forlag, Stamsund, ISBN: 978-82-8104-299-5.



  • “Ny metode gir ny innsikt”, Interview Nordlys 22.012017
  • “Nytt superverktøy finner liv i havet” Interview Nordlys 31.01.2017
  • “Periphylla på Svalbard”, radio interview NRK P2 Ekko 02.02.2017
  • “Morild i havet”, radio interview NRK P2 Ekko, 23.02.2017
  • “Om bambus, spøkelseskreps og et Arktis I endring”, kronikk Svalbardposten 13.01.2017
  • “Banebrytende forskning”, interview Svalbardposten 20.01.2017
  • “Superkommunisten”, kronikk Svalbardposten 20.01.2017
  • “Ny art i Ny-Ålesund”, interview Svalbardposten 23.01.2017
  • Fram Forum 2017 – Four  separate interviews / articles written by Ole Magnus Rapp
  • “Undervanns droner ser liv i polarnatten”, Aftenposten Vitenskap issue 2, 2017
  • “To sære bekjentskaper fra Svalbards fjorder”, Svalbardposten nr 32 1 September 2017, side 20-21.
  • “Se opp for disse når du bader!”, Svalbardposten nr 31 25 August 2017, side 24-25.
  • “Om snøkrabbe, torsk og sjømat fra havet rundt Svalbard”, Svalbardposten nr 31, 25 August 2017, side 20-21.
  • ”Havets viktige ku”, reportasje Klassekampen Torsdag 11. Januar 2018, pages 8-9
  • ”Lys skremmer bort fisken”. Feature story Klassekampen Friday 12th of January 2018, pages 8-9.
  • “Droner lodder havet”, feature story Klassekampen Wednesday 17th of January 2018. Pages 10-11.
  • Kong Neptun og hans tause tjenerskap. Kronikk Nordlys 23.03.2018.
  • Dyreplankton i Arktis vil ha det mørkt. 30.03.2018, written by Ellen Kathrine Bludd.
  • Historier fra Rijpfjorden (del 1): Et unikt sted med stor betydning. Svalbardposten nr 31 (2018), Pp 20-21 and
  • Historier fra Rijpfjorden (del 2): Tidsvitner fra en svunnen tid. Svalbardposten nr 32 (2018), Pp 22-23 and
  • Historier fra Rijpfjorden (del 3): Monster!. Svalbardposten nr 33 (2018), Pp 20-21 and
  • Historier fra Rijpfjorden (del 4): Om kibb, sjøis og næringskjeder. Svalbardposten nr 34 (2018), Pp 22-23 and
  • Historier fra Rijpfjorden (del 5): Jeg har vært med på noe viktig. Svalbardposten nr 35 (2018), Pp 34-35 and
  • Om klimaendringer, det produktive Barentshavet og kjøleskap. Nordlys 03.10.2018, kronikk i Nordnorsk Debatt page 4 and in Bladet Vesterålen 04.10.2018 page 20.
  • Wassmann, P. (2018). Northern Svalbard and its early history. In At the edge…. On the history, physical setting, biology and future of the European rim to the abyss and expanse of the Arctic Ocean. Pp. 23-31. Orkana Forlag
  • Wassmann (2018). The irresistible attraction of the North Pole. In At the edge…. On the history, physical setting, biology and future of the European rim to the abyss and expanse of the Arctic Ocean. Pp. 33-41. Orkana Forlag
  • Reigstad, M. & Berge, J. (2018). Life along a moving edge – the ecosystems of the seasonal ice zone. In At the edge…. On the history, physical setting, biology and future of the European rim to the abyss and expanse of the Arctic Ocean. Pp. 137-148. Orkana Forlag
  • Wassmann, P. & Ellingsen, I. (2018). Present and future primary production north of Svalbard. In At the edge…. On the history, physical setting, biology and future of the European rim to the abyss and expanse of the Arctic Ocean. Pp. 241-250. Orkana Forlag
  • Wassmann, P. (2018). Is northern Svalbard approaching the edge of ecosystem tipping points? In At the edge…. On the history, physical setting, biology and future of the European rim to the abyss and expanse of the Arctic Ocean. Pp. 253-262. Orkana Forlag
  • Ware, C. & Berge, J. (2018). At the edge – natural and anthropogenic forcing of species distributions. In At the edge…. On the history, physical setting, biology and future of the European rim to the abyss and expanse of the Arctic Ocean. Pp. 265-274. Orkana Forlag
  • Wassmann, P. (2018). What will the future bring? Reflections on sustainable management of the hitherto ice-covered regions of northern Svalbard. In At the edge…. On the history, physical setting, biology and future of the European rim to the abyss and expanse of the Arctic Ocean. Pp. 311-320. Orkana Forlag.
  • Levende Is/Living Ice Project

    Digital version with scientist interviews –Click here to download

    Digital version without scientist interviews – Click here to download

    Levende Is, Norsk Versjon – Klikk her for a laste ned