IP-01 Norway NFR

IP-01 Norway NFR

The Norwegian individual project will contribute to all three research trajectories of the general proposal. The Centre for Sami Studies, University of Tromsø, will serve as the home for all members of the international team.

Activity One – Contextualising Sami Mobile Architecture (lead by Ivar Bjørklund)

Within Sami reindeer pastoralism, the use of tents is a very important part of nomadic technology. The heart of this activity will be to commission a winter bealjigoahti by an elderly couple in the Sami village of Kautokeino. The intention of this research project will be to document the contemporary social ecology of life in Eastern Sápmi. This research project will overlap closely with the work conducted in Sweden by Prof. Beach, in Russia by Drs. Anderson and Ziker, and in Canada by Drs. Andrews and Arnold.

Activity Two – Hearths and Space in Eastern Sápmi (lead by Bjørnar Olsen)

House grounds, tent rings and hearths represent the most common material signatures of past Sámi households and siidas.. Our main objective in this activity is to explore the historical dynamics of Sami dwellings and social organisation of space. Research will be based partly on existing archaeological records from Sápmi, but substantial new fieldwork need to be carried out. Surveys and test excavation will be carried out the first season in the easternmost part of Norwegian Finnmark (the Varanger-Pasvik area) and selected areas of the Kola Peninsula (Lake Lovozero, Varzina, Umba and Varzuga river basins)..
Sami turf house from the 17th-18th century excavated at Oarddujavri, Varanger, northern Norway (photo: Bjørnar Olsen)

Activity Three – Ethnohistorical research in Zabaikal’e (lead by David Anderson)

This activity is built around two ethnohistorical expeditions to the Vitim river valley of Eastern Siberia. This work will document and analyse the use of space among Evenki reindeer herders in the recent past and present. Using the same methodologies used in Eastern Sápmi, the team will investigate the social ecology of dwellings among hunters and reindeer herders. Activity areas in contemporary camps will be mapped..

Oleg Kuznetsov, David Anderson, and Evgenii Ineshin surveying the territory around Lake Tolondo, Boidabo district, Siberia for contemporary signs of Evenki land-use and forestry (Photo: Elena Vologina).


Activity Four – The Demography of Circumpolar Households (lead by Gunnar Thorvaldsen)

The aim of this activity is to create an aggregate statistical overview of the social and demographic characteristics of the identity groups in Northern Norway. The dataset – an encoded version of the 1865, 1875 and 1900 censuses – has been digitised by previous research grants. For the first time these individual level microdata are available to be linked to similar Sápmi datasets in Russia and Sweden (both of which were also digitised using earlier grants). This newly accessible data will be used to generate a longitudinal picture of Sami and Kvæn households for all of Sápmi (including the Kola peninsula).

A Russian census enumerator recording household details for a family of eniseitsy [Ket] on the Podkamennaia Tunguska during the Turukhansk Polar Census Expedition of 1926/27 (Photo: A.P. Kirilovich Source KKKM 7930-1-02-05)

Activity Five – An International Seminar on Circumpolar Mobile Architecture (All participants)

The five activities in this IP will be drawn together during an international seminar on mobile architecture to be held in Tromsø in the autumn of 2008.