Subordinating conjunctions

By Marina Pantcheva

Subordinating conjunctions introduce dependent clauses, that is, clauses that cannot express a complete thought on their own. The most common subordinating conjunctions are:

after even though that
although how though
as if till ( or ’til)
as if inasmuch as unless
as long as in order that until
as much as lest when
as soon as now that whenever
as though provided (that) where
because since wherever
before so that while
even if than


(1)    The students protested against the decision even though many of them thought it was the right decision to make.

(2)    She takes her iPhone with her wherever she goes.

(3)    Tom did not eat the sandwich because it was past the expiry date.

Subordinate conjunctions are normally not preceded by a comma, but sometimes a comma can be placed before a subordinate conjunction when separating non-essential parts of the sentence (follow [this link] for more on comma usage).

(4)    Tom did not eat the sandwich, which I thought was stupid of him, because it was past the expiry date.

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