Methodological guidelines for development of best practices for participatory industrial waste management in Arctic and Sub-Arctic areas, a Norwegian model WP5

The overall aim of this research project is to explore the trust relationship built between the main actors involved in off-shore oil industry waste management in Northern Norway: government, industry and civil society. The use of eco-labelling and traceability of wastes as control tools on behalf of civil society is analyzed from a theoretical perspective. All these features will be combined in a social simulation agent-based model that will enable assessing the behavior of the various agents in different scenarios. The simulation results will help formulating methodological guidelines for development of best practices of industrial waste management.

Project coordinator: BFE, Norwegian College of Fishery Science, University of Tromsø

Consortium Group: Melania Borit (PhD, BFE, University of Tromsø), Petter Holm (Professorm BFE, University of Tromsø), Petter Olsen (Senior NOFIMA)

Advisory Group: Professor Michela Aschan (NFH, University of Tromsø), Jorge Santos (NFH, University of Tromsø), Hans Jacob Bull (Scandinavian Institute of Maritime Law, University of Oslo).

Resume
As a part of the Technology – waste management in the Arctic environment/EWMA project, NCFS has to perform research in the areas of environmental standards (development, operationalisation, implementation), risk management, control tools, general institutionalisation of risk and logistics (how the wastes will be brought to shore or disposed of and how will the chosen method influence the usage of the coastal zone: fisheries, aquaculture, energetic sector, maritime transport, tourism, coastal inhabitants etc.). The main objective of the PhD project, set according to the EWMA framework, is to explore methodology for development of best practices of industrial waste management in Arctic and Sub-Arctic areas based on participatory risk management/governance principles, with Northern Norway as a case study. This will be accomplished by lifting the risk management/governance theory from the individual business level to a complex systemic level where all the actors and processes involved in industrial waste management are seen as a single entity. In order to develop the best practices guidelines, innovative approaches to industrial waste management will be explored, from an enhanced participatory standpoint. This perspective is mostly directed towards those stakeholders who are concerned about oil and shipping industry really fulfilling their waste management duties and are interested in continuous, proximate and real time control tools. Principles used in products traceability, chain of custody, certification and eco-labelling will be used in order to imagine innovative control tools available to civil society in relation with industrial waste management. These were successfully used until now for example in fisheries, as an evidence of sustainable management. Risk management through non-state market driven tools such as traceability and eco-labelling, trust building and communication among stakeholders are main research topics here. As this is an inter-disciplinary research, the methodology employed will be a mixture of qualitative and quantitative methods, procedures and techniques. Among these, the following will be used: agent-based modelling (ABM) (to simulate the actions and interactions of autonomous agents with a view to assessing their effects on the system as a whole); spatial analysis with Geographic Information System (GIS) (to integrate multi-discipline and multi-scale input); literature review; doctrinal (theoretical) and non-doctrinal (descriptive) legal research; case study (Northern Norway); interviews; questionnaires, SWOT analysis.

Publications

– Petter Olsen, Melania Borit; 2013. How to define traceability. Food Science & Technology 29 (2): 142–150.

Conference articles and presentations

– Melania Borit, Loïs Vanhée, Petter Olsen; 2013. Theoretical Considerations for Enhancing Social Believability through Integrating Culturally Specific Trust-Building Cognitive Features in Non-Playing Characters. Social Believability in Games Workshop, the Conference for Advances in Computer Entertainment 2013 (ACE2013), Twente, The Netherlands.

– Melania Borit, Petter Olsen; 2012. How to define traceability. The 4th Trans Atlantic Fisheries Technology Conference, Florida, USA.