Archaeological research on Sámi history have for long been hampered by narrow disciplinary and regional/national scopes. However, as exemplified by Hansen and Olsen’s overview of early Sámi history (2004), Bergman and Liedgren’s work on the Stallo house sites and early reindeer domestication (2009, see also Liedgren et al. 2008), the BOREAS project (Hedman and Olsen 2009, Halinen, Hedman and Olsen in press), and the project of human-animal relationship in Finnish Lapland (Äikäs et al. 2009), much can be gained from adopting fresh multi-disciplinary and trans-national approaches. This project significantly develops these initiatives both in terms of multi-disciplinary and international cooperation.