Thesis by Ekaterina Zmyvalova
This thesis is dedicated to the issue of realization and implementation of indigenous children’s right to learn their language at school. My focus is on the Nenets Autonomous Okrug- one of the territories where the Nenets people – one of the indigenous peoples of Russia – is located. The Nenets people is the biggest group of the indigenous peoples in Russia. According the Official statistics there are less and less in the Nenets population who speak the Nenets language. Moreover, mostly they are elderly people. The young do not know the Nenets language even though they learn it at school. I argue that among other reasons there are legal issues. In particular, inappropriate implementation of international commitments into the national legislation and ineffective realization of the national legislation in practice are among the reasons of the decline of the Nenets language in the indigenous population. I researched this issue by using such methods as the legal method and the interview. The method of interview I employed during my fieldwork in two schools in the villages Indiga and Krasnoye of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug where indigenous children learn the Nenets language. I applied the theory of non- discrimination to consider implementation and realization of the right in practice. I regard my thesis to be a contribution to the clarification of the causes of the native language situation in indigenous peoples’ communities in Russia.
Thesis not available
Thesis by: Mary Mansa
This study was undertaken with a two-fold ambition; to examine the overall relevance of traditional marriage alongside the symbols paramount and operational within the marriage discourse and to contribute to existing literature on marriage by providing empirical account of Ashantis’ traditional marriage system. Using qualitative approach, twenty interviews were conducted with community leaders, family heads and married couples within the Kumasi metropolis and Bosomtwe/Atwima Kwanhuma District in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. The data showed that participants clearly understood traditional marriage as a union between two adults of opposite sex according to certain laid down customary procedures. Also among the Ashantis, the marriage process involves two major stages; knocking (kɔkɔɔkɔ) and final consummation of the marriage (Awaregeԑ). The study similarly unearthed clearly defined gender role differences in the performance of traditional marriage among the Ashantis. Marriage is contracted among the Ashantis through the payment of brideprice by presenting items such as two bottles of Schnapps, Akunta Sikan, Awheneԑ (Beads), a white cloth and Ԑtam (A Strip of Cloth). It was also found that the entire marriage arrangement including its ceremony is a manifestation of Ethnic Identity based on unique cultural outlooks and heritages. Lastly, it discovered that traditional marriage has some useful elements that bring two families together, as well as guide against promiscuous behaviors among married women.
Thesis not available