Nursing Traditions and History in Europe

The MOOC consists of the three modules you can see below. Module 1 and 2 is open for everybody while module 3 is for students at UiT The Arctic University of Norway.


  • Nursing in Europe today
  • Myth busters: What is nursing?
  • Aims of the MOOC
  • A guide to the MOOC and presenting a timelime

Nurses in a parade, 1945.

Nurses in a parade, Tromsø, Norway May 17th 1945.


  1. Part 1: Diseases and Society
  • Historical context
  • Epidemics (from Cholera to Tuberculosis)
  • The development of medicine
  • Emergence of European Health Care


Part 2: Development of three Nursing Traditions in Europa

  • The Catholic Tradition
  • The Deaconess Tradition
  • The Nightingale Tradition


Part 3: Gender and religion

  1. Nursing and Gender
  2. The calling
  3. The relation between (female) nurses and (male) physicians


MODUL 2: Nursing Practises (4 ECT)


 Part 1: Nurse training in selected countries in Europa

England, Ireland, Germany, Italy, Holland, Denmark and Norway

The lectures will put focus upon:

  1. The society in which the trained nurses emerged
  2. The first school of nursing and organization of the education and training
  3. The nurse pupils
  4. Time of public registration
  5. Differences and similarities within and between the selected countries


Part 2: Spaces of nursing practice

This part focuses on the venues for nursing practice and the emergency and changes which varies from country to country.  Three selected fields of nursing are:

  • District Nursing
  • Medical development and medical Hospitals
  •  Psychiatric Hospitals and mental health care outside institutions


Part 3: Wartime nursing

War often creating new demands. This section focus is on the impact of wars on nursing.

  • World War  1 (1914-1918)
  • World War 2 (1939-1945)
  • Korean War (1950-1953)


Closing remarks

Nursing yesterday, today and tomorrow – in Europe and globally



Module 3 is only for students at UiT The Arctic University of Norway)