Selected PoLaR publications 2020/21:


Bayram, F., Kubota, M., Luque, A., Pascual y Cabo, D. & Rothman, J. (2021). You can’t fix what is not broken: Contextualizing the imbalance of perceptions about heritage language bilingualism. Frontiers in Education.

Cheng, Y., Rothman, J., & Cunnings, I. (2021). Parsing preferences and individual differences in nonnative sentence processing: Evidence from eye movements. Applied Psycholinguistics,42(1), 129-151.

Di Pisa, G., Pereira Soares, S. M., Rothman, J., (2021). Brain, Mind and Linguistic Processing Insights into the Dynamic Nature of Bilingualism and its Outcome Effects. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 58,

González Alonso, J., Puig-Mayenco, E., Fábregas, A., & Rothman, J. (2021). Evidence for Full Transfer in Adult Third Language Acquisition of Child L2 Learners. PLOS ONE.

González Alonso, J., Cunnings, I., Fujita, H., Miller, D., & Rothman, J. (2021). Gender attraction in sentence comprehension. Glossa: A Journal of General Linguistics6(1), 20. DOI:

Kubota, M., Chondrogianni, V., Clark, A., & Rothman, J. (2021). Linguistic consequences of toing and froing: Factors that affect the maintenance and development in returnee bilingual children. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism.

Leivada, E., Westergaard, M., Duñabeitia, J.A., & Rothman, J. (2021) On the Phantom-Like Appearance of Bilingualism Effects on Neurocognition: (How) Should We Proceed? Bilingualism: Language & Cognition, 1-14.

Pereira Soares, S. M. & Rothman, J. (2021). Cognitive States in Third Language Acquisition and Beyond: Theoretical and Methodological Paths Forward. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism

Pliatsikas, C., DeLuca, V., Pereira Soares, S.M., Voits, T. & Rothman, J. (2021) Bilingualism is a long-term cognitively challenging experience that modulates metabolite concentrations in the healthy brain. Nature: Scientific Reports


Bayram, F., (ed.) (2020). Studies in Turkish as a Heritage LanguageStudies in Bilingualism, 60. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

DeLuca, V., Rothman, J., Bialystok, E., & Pliatsikas, C. (2020) Duration and Extent of Bilingual Experience Modulate Neurocognitive Outcomes. NeuroImage, 204.

DeLuca, V., Segaert, K., Mazaheri, A., & Krott, A. (2020). Understanding Bilingual Brain Function and Structure Changes? U Bet! A Unified Bilingual Experience Trajectory Model. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 56(9).

González Alonso, J. & Rothman, J. (2020). Avoiding the Cum Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc Fallacy: Comments and Questions Regarding Full Transfer Potential. Second Language Research.

González Alonso, J., Alemán Bañón, J., DeLuca, V., Miller, D., Pereira Soares, S. M., Puig-Mayenco, E., Slaats, S., & Rothman, J. (2020). Event-Related Potentials at Initial Exposure in Third Language Acquisition: Implications from an Artificial Mini-Grammar Study. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 56, 2020100939

Kubota, M., Heycock, C., Sorace, A., & Rothman, J. (2020). Cross-Linguistic Influence on L2 before and after extreme reduction in input: the case of Japanese returnee childrenFrontiers in Psychology11, 2365.

Kupisch, T., Pereira Soares, S. M., Puig-Mayenco, E., & Rothman, J. (2020). Multilingualism and Chomsky’s Generative Grammar. In Nicholas Allott, Terje Lohndal, and Georges Rey (eds.) The Companion to Chomsky. Routledge Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Leivada, E., & Westergaard, M. (2020) Acceptable Ungrammatical Sentences, Unacceptable Grammatical Sentences, and the Role of the Cognitive Parser.  Frontiers in Psychology 11, 364.

Lloyd-Smith, A., Bayram, F.,  & Iverson, M. (2020). The Effects of Heritage Language Experience on Lexical and Morphosyntactic Outcomes. In Bayram, F., (ed.) Studies in Turkish as a Heritage Language. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

Lohndal, T., Westergaard, M. & Vangsnes, Ø. (2020) Verb Second in Norwegian: Variation and Acquisition. In Rebecca Woods & Sam Wolfe (eds.), Rethinking V2. Oxford University Press.

Luque, A., & Morgan-Short, K. (2020) Becoming Bilingual: The Relationship Between Cognitive Control and second language proficiencyJournal of Neurolinguistics57, 100956.

Pliatsikas, C., DeLuca, V., & Voits, T. (2020). The Many Shades of Bilingualism: Language Experiences Modulate Adaptations in Brain Structure. Language Learning, 70(S2), 133–149.

Pliatsikas, C., Meteyard, L., Verissimo, J., DeLuca, V., Shattuck, K., & Ullman, M.T. (2020). The Effect of Bilingualism on Brain Development from Early Childhood to Young Adulthood.  Brain Structure and Function.

Puig-Mayenco, E., González Alonso, J., & Rothman, J. (2020). A Systematic Review of Transfer Studies in Third Language AcquisitionSecond Language Research, 31(1), 31–64.

Puig-Mayenco, E., Rothman, J., & Tubau, S. (2020). Language Dominance in the Previously Acquired Languages Modulates Rate of Third Language (L3) Development over Time: A Longitudinal StudyInternational Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism.

Puig-Mayenco, E., Rothman, J. (2020). Low Proficiency Does Not Mean Ab Initio: A Methodological Footnote for Linguistic Transfer Studies. Language Acquisition. 27:2, 217-226.

Rodina, Y., Kupisch, T., Meir, N., Mitrofanova, N., Urek, O., & Westergaard, M. (2020, March). Internal and External Factors in Heritage Language Acquisition: Evidence From Heritage Russian in Israel, Germany, Norway, Latvia and the United Kingdom. In Frontiers in Education (Vol. 5, p. 20).

Rossi, E. & Prystauka, Y. (2020). Oscillatory Brain Dynamics of Pronouns Processing in Native Spanish Speakers and in Late Second Language Learners of Spanish. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 1–14.

Serratrice, L. & De Cat, C. (2020) Individual Differences in the Production of Referential Expressions: The Effect of Language Proficiency, Language Exposure, and Executive Function in Bilingual and Monolingual Children. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. 23(2): 371 – 386.

Voits, T., Pliatsikas, C., Robson, H., & Rothman, J. (2020) Beyond Alzheimer’s Disease: Can Bilingualism Be a More Generalized Protective Factor in Neurodegeneration? Neuropsychologia, 147.

Wulff, S. & Gries, S. T. 2020. Exploring Individual Variation in Learner Corpus Research: Some Methodological Suggestions. In: Bert S. W. Le Bruyn and Magali Paquot (eds.). Learner Corpus Research and Second Language Acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 191-213.