Selected PoLaR publications:


Andriano, L., D’Alessandro, R., Frasson, A., van Osch, B., Sorgini, L., & Terenghi, S. (2022). Adding the microdimension to the study of language change in contact. Three case studies. Glossa: a journal of general linguistics 7(1), pp. 1–36.

Bernabeu, P. (2022). Language and sensorimotor simulation in conceptual processing: Multilevel analysis and statistical power. Lancaster University.

Chaouch Orozco, A., González Alonso, J., Duñabetia, J.A. & Rothman, J. (2022). Are translation equivalents really equivalent? Evidence from concreteness effects in translation priming. International Journal of Bilingualism.

Chaouch Orozco, A., González Alonso, J., Duñabetia, J.A., Rothman, J. (2022). The elusive impact of L2 immersion on translation priming. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 1-23

Cheng, Y., & Cunnings, I., Rothman, J. (2022). Determiner-number specification and non-local agreement computation in L1 and L2 processing. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 1-17,

DeLuca, V. & Voits, T. (2022) Bilingual experience affects white matter integrity across the lifespan. Neuropsychologia 169, 108191 DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2022.108191

Di Pisa, G., Kubota, M., Rothman, J. & Marinis, T. (2022). Effects of markedness in gender processing in Italian as a Heritage Language: a speed-accuracy tradeoff. Frontiers in Psychology 13:965885

Duñabeitia,J.A., Baciero, A., Antoniou, K., Antoniou, M., Ataman, E., Baus, C., Ben-Shachar, M., Can Çağlar, Chromý, J., Comesaña, M., Filip, M., Filipović Đurđević, D., Gillon Dowens, M., Hatzidaki, A., Januška, J., Zuraini, J., Kanj, R., Kim, S.Y., Kırkıcı, B., Leminen, A., Lohndal, T., Thai Yap, N., Renvall, H., Rothman, J., Royle, P., Santesteban, M., Sevilla, Y., Slioussar, N., Vaughan-Evans, A., Wodniecka, Z., Wulff, S., & Pliatsikas, C. (2022). The Multilingual Picture Database. Scientific Data. 9, 431 (2022)

Gallo, F., DeLuca, V., Prystauka, Y., Rothman, J., Voits, T. & Abutalebi, J. (2022) Bilingualism and Aging: Implications for (Delaying) Neurocognitive Decline. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16. DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2022.819105

Klassen, Rachel; Kolb, Nadine; Hopp, Holger; Westergaard, Marit (2022). Interactions between lexical and syntactic L1-L2 overlap: Effects of gender congruency on L2 sentence processing in L1 Spanish-L2 German speakers.  Applied Psycholinguistics, 1-36DOI: 10.1017/S0142716422000236

Kolb, Nadine; Mitrofanova, Natalia; Westergaard, Marit (2022)Cross-linguistic Influence in Child L3 English: An Empirical Study on Russian-German Heritage Bilinguals.  International Journal of Bilingualism, 26(4)476-501.DOI: 10.1177/13670069211054891

Kolb, Nadine (2022). Child Second Language Development in Immersion Education: A Study on Generic Determiner Phrases in L2 German and L2 French.  Frankfurt a.M.:  Peter Lang Publishing Group. Volume 32. ISBN 9783631817124.

Luk, G. & Rothman, J. (2022) Experience-Based Individual Differences Modulate Language, Mind and Brain Outcomes in Multilinguals. Brain and Language 228, 105107-105107, DOI: 10.1016/j.bandl.2022.105107

 Pereira Soares, S.M., DeLuca, V., Prystauka, Y. & Rothman, J. (2022). Type of bilingualism conditions individual differences in the oscillatory dynamics of inhibitory control. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2022 Jul 28;16:91091010.3389/fnhum.2022.910910

Pereira Soares, S. M., Kupisch, T., & Rothman, J. (2022). Testing Potential Transfer Effects in Heritage and Adult L2 Bilinguals Acquiring a Mini Grammar as an Additional Language: An ERP Approach. Brain Sciences12(5), 669

Rossi, E., Pereira Soares, S.M., Prystauka, Y., Nakamura, M. & Rothman, J. Riding the (brain) waves!  Using neural oscillations to inform bilingualism research. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition

Rothman, J., F. Bayram, V. DeLuca, G. Di Pisa, J.A. Dunabeitia, K. Gharibi, J. Hao, N. Kolb, M. Kubota, T. Kupisch, T. Laméris, A. Luque, B. van Osch, S.M. Pereira Soares, Y. Prystauka, D. Tat, A. Tomić, T. Voits & S. Wulff. (2022). Monolingual comparative normativity in bilingualism research is out of “control”: Arguments and alternatives. Applied Psycholinguistics, 1-14 DOI10.1017/S0142716422000315

van Osch, B., I. Boers., J. Grijzenhout, M. Carmen Parafita Couto, B. Sterken, D. Tat (2022). Cross-linguistic influence in bilingual grammars: evidence from gender assignment in unilingual Dutch and mixed speech. In. Ayoun, D. (Ed.). The Acquisition of Gender. Cross-linguistic perspectives. Amsterdam, John Benjamins.  

Voits, T., Robson, H., Rothman, J. & Pliatsikas, C. (2022). The effects of bilingualism on the structure of the hippocampus and its relationship to memory performance in ageing bilinguals. Brain Structure and Function, 1-16,

Voits, T., DeLuca, V. & Abutalebi, J. (2022) The nuance of bilingualism as a reserve contributor: Conveying research to the broader neuroscience community. Frontiers in Psychology 13. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2022.909266


Bayram, F., Kubota, M., Luque, A., Pascual y Cabo, D. & Rothman, J. (2021). You can’t fix what is not broken: Contextualizing the imbalance of perceptions about heritage language bilingualism. Frontiers in Education.

Cheng, Y., Rothman, J., & Cunnings, I. (2021). Parsing preferences and individual differences in nonnative sentence processing: Evidence from eye movements. Applied Psycholinguistics,42(1), 129-151.

Di Pisa, G., Pereira Soares, S. M., Rothman, J., (2021). Brain, Mind and Linguistic Processing Insights into the Dynamic Nature of Bilingualism and its Outcome Effects. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 58,

González Alonso, J., Puig-Mayenco, E., Fábregas, A., & Rothman, J. (2021). Evidence for Full Transfer in Adult Third Language Acquisition of Child L2 Learners. PLOS ONE.

González Alonso, J., Cunnings, I., Fujita, H., Miller, D., & Rothman, J. (2021). Gender attraction in sentence comprehension. Glossa: A Journal of General Linguistics6(1), 20. DOI:

Kubota, M., Chondrogianni, V., Clark, A., & Rothman, J. (2021). Linguistic consequences of toing and froing: Factors that affect the maintenance and development in returnee bilingual children. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism.

Leivada, E., Westergaard, M., Duñabeitia, J.A., & Rothman, J. (2021) On the Phantom-Like Appearance of Bilingualism Effects on Neurocognition: (How) Should We Proceed? Bilingualism: Language & Cognition, 1-14.

Pereira Soares, S. M. & Rothman, J. (2021). Cognitive States in Third Language Acquisition and Beyond: Theoretical and Methodological Paths Forward. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism

Pliatsikas, C., DeLuca, V., Pereira Soares, S.M., Voits, T. & Rothman, J. (2021) Bilingualism is a long-term cognitively challenging experience that modulates metabolite concentrations in the healthy brain. Nature: Scientific Reports


Bayram, F., (ed.) (2020). Studies in Turkish as a Heritage LanguageStudies in Bilingualism, 60. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

DeLuca, V., Rothman, J., Bialystok, E., & Pliatsikas, C. (2020) Duration and Extent of Bilingual Experience Modulate Neurocognitive Outcomes. NeuroImage, 204.

DeLuca, V., Segaert, K., Mazaheri, A., & Krott, A. (2020). Understanding Bilingual Brain Function and Structure Changes? U Bet! A Unified Bilingual Experience Trajectory Model. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 56(9).

González Alonso, J. & Rothman, J. (2020). Avoiding the Cum Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc Fallacy: Comments and Questions Regarding Full Transfer Potential. Second Language Research.

González Alonso, J., Alemán Bañón, J., DeLuca, V., Miller, D., Pereira Soares, S. M., Puig-Mayenco, E., Slaats, S., & Rothman, J. (2020). Event-Related Potentials at Initial Exposure in Third Language Acquisition: Implications from an Artificial Mini-Grammar Study. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 56, 2020100939

Kubota, M., Heycock, C., Sorace, A., & Rothman, J. (2020). Cross-Linguistic Influence on L2 before and after extreme reduction in input: the case of Japanese returnee childrenFrontiers in Psychology11, 2365.

Kupisch, T., Pereira Soares, S. M., Puig-Mayenco, E., & Rothman, J. (2020). Multilingualism and Chomsky’s Generative Grammar. In Nicholas Allott, Terje Lohndal, and Georges Rey (eds.) The Companion to Chomsky. Routledge Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Leivada, E., & Westergaard, M. (2020) Acceptable Ungrammatical Sentences, Unacceptable Grammatical Sentences, and the Role of the Cognitive Parser.  Frontiers in Psychology 11, 364.

Lloyd-Smith, A., Bayram, F.,  & Iverson, M. (2020). The Effects of Heritage Language Experience on Lexical and Morphosyntactic Outcomes. In Bayram, F., (ed.) Studies in Turkish as a Heritage Language. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

Lohndal, T., Westergaard, M. & Vangsnes, Ø. (2020) Verb Second in Norwegian: Variation and Acquisition. In Rebecca Woods & Sam Wolfe (eds.), Rethinking V2. Oxford University Press.

Luque, A., & Morgan-Short, K. (2020) Becoming Bilingual: The Relationship Between Cognitive Control and second language proficiencyJournal of Neurolinguistics57, 100956.

Pliatsikas, C., DeLuca, V., & Voits, T. (2020). The Many Shades of Bilingualism: Language Experiences Modulate Adaptations in Brain Structure. Language Learning, 70(S2), 133–149.

Pliatsikas, C., Meteyard, L., Verissimo, J., DeLuca, V., Shattuck, K., & Ullman, M.T. (2020). The Effect of Bilingualism on Brain Development from Early Childhood to Young Adulthood.  Brain Structure and Function.

Puig-Mayenco, E., González Alonso, J., & Rothman, J. (2020). A Systematic Review of Transfer Studies in Third Language AcquisitionSecond Language Research, 31(1), 31–64.

Puig-Mayenco, E., Rothman, J., & Tubau, S. (2020). Language Dominance in the Previously Acquired Languages Modulates Rate of Third Language (L3) Development over Time: A Longitudinal StudyInternational Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism.

Puig-Mayenco, E., Rothman, J. (2020). Low Proficiency Does Not Mean Ab Initio: A Methodological Footnote for Linguistic Transfer Studies. Language Acquisition. 27:2, 217-226.

Rodina, Y., Kupisch, T., Meir, N., Mitrofanova, N., Urek, O., & Westergaard, M. (2020, March). Internal and External Factors in Heritage Language Acquisition: Evidence From Heritage Russian in Israel, Germany, Norway, Latvia and the United Kingdom. In Frontiers in Education (Vol. 5, p. 20).

Rossi, E. & Prystauka, Y. (2020). Oscillatory Brain Dynamics of Pronouns Processing in Native Spanish Speakers and in Late Second Language Learners of Spanish. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 1–14.

Serratrice, L. & De Cat, C. (2020) Individual Differences in the Production of Referential Expressions: The Effect of Language Proficiency, Language Exposure, and Executive Function in Bilingual and Monolingual Children. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. 23(2): 371 – 386.

Voits, T., Pliatsikas, C., Robson, H., & Rothman, J. (2020) Beyond Alzheimer’s Disease: Can Bilingualism Be a More Generalized Protective Factor in Neurodegeneration? Neuropsychologia, 147.

Wulff, S. & Gries, S. T. 2020. Exploring Individual Variation in Learner Corpus Research: Some Methodological Suggestions. In: Bert S. W. Le Bruyn and Magali Paquot (eds.). Learner Corpus Research and Second Language Acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 191-213.