Segmental Processes in Interaction with Prosodic Structure (SPIPS)
When: September 19-20, 2019.
Where: the Arctic University of Norway (UiT)
The question of how suprasegmental and segmental phonology interact has occupied a central role throughout the 20th and 21st century, with, for example, the syllable and syllable constituents as relevant domains and categories in the description of sound patterns and phonological processes, rejected and revived several times (e.g., Stetson 1928, Hockett 1955, Chomsky & Halle 1968, Kahn 1976, Selkirk 1982, Itô 1986, Zec 1988, Inkelas 1989, Steriade 1997, 2009, …) and the discovery of a whole range of higher prosodic units, the Prosodic Hierarchy, as central for the description of phonological processes (Selkirk 1978, 1986, Nespor & Vogel 1986, Beckman & Pierrehumbert 1986, Hayes 1989, Zec 1993). Despite decades-long discussions, the following background questions have not lost their fascination:
How can one capture the distinction between phonological processes that apply to smaller units, i.e., within words, feet, syllables, stems, morphemes, and phonological processes that take bigger objects, such as prosodic constituents, as their domain in current models of grammar?
How do phonological processes that apply within those units interact with constituency as defined by morphology or syntax?
Are the units relevant to appropriately define phonological generalisations derived from the structural constituency in morphology and/or syntax, or are they defined independently?
How do suprasegmental objects such as syllables, feet and phrases interact with segments and their properties?
What is the appropriate way of characterising the restrictions imposed by segmental considerations on syllable structure?
How are nonlocal processes such as vowel harmony and consonant harmony conditioned by bigger phonological and non-phonological structures, such as syllable, foot and morphological or syntactic structure?
How do phonotactic restrictions interact with morpheme structure and syllable structure?
Is it necessary to refer to prosodic units at all to describe phonological processes?
How do suprasegmentals such as tone and intonation condition segmental processes or vice versa?
In what way can a system capture that a process of vowel lengthening or shortening is conditioned by the prosodic constituency?
To what extent are the observations made in phonology about domains, cyclicity and the timing of operations transferrable to modern theories about domains in other levels of grammar, such as syntax and semantics?
A cross-disciplinary workshop on syllable structure and sonority
When: May 11-12, 2018
Where: UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø
In this workshop, we intend to investigate the role of sonority, the sonority hierarchy and the sonority sequencing principle in the internal organization of syllables. The current mainstream theory of syllable organization has often been challenged by language-specific instantiations of the sonority hierarchy or patterns that ignore sonority sequencing or other sonority-based principles of phonotactic organization. We would like to gather together researchers working on typological aspects of syllable phonotactics, its acquisition, and its loss in attrition, as in aphasia for example.