FILMS ABOUT CAMEROON, MADE AT VISUAL CULTURAL STUDIES, UIT/ARCTIC UNIVERSITY OF NORWAY, 1992-2015
Les Mairuuwas – Les Maitres du l’eau, by Trond Waage, 2015
-‘LES MAIRUUWAS ‘(Les maîtres de l’eau) est un film ethnographique portant sur les jeunes migrants et leurs rêves de réussir en ville.
-Le cinéaste a suivi des transporteurs d’eau dans une zone urbaine du Cameroun depuis de nombreuses années. Les quatre hommes présentés ne sont que quelques cas parmi de milliers de pauvres sans instruction, qui migrent chaque année partant de la République centrafricaine pour le Cameroun à la recherche
d’une vie meilleure. Le film décrit leurs luttes quotidiennes pour gagner de l’argent et donner un sens à leur vie ; ceci dans des conditions difficiles et dans un environnement urbain hautement vibrant.
-Coco le plus jeune d’entre eux se prépare pour obtenir sa chambre après des années passées dans la rue. Oncle quant à lui s’efforce à gagner assez d’argent pour prendre soin de son fils. Abel exprime la stigmatisation à laquelle ils font face au quotidien et son profond désir de changer de mode de vie après avoir travaillé plus de 15 ans comme transporteur d’eau. Leur appartenance en tant que groupe et leurs possibilités d’obtenir du travail dans le quartier est contesté de façon spectaculaire lorsque Bachirou est arrêté.
Version Français : https://uitno.box.com/v/mairuuwa
English version: https://vimeo.com/171932493 Password: MAIENG
The Master said that, by Trond Waage, 2002
the village are critical towards the formal school. Chehou arranges village meetings, where he argues for the importance of modern knowledge. He tries to convince the fathers to let their children go to school instead of taking care of their cattle herd or their fields. Chehou also fights for his position as an respectable man. But he is unmarried, and with the salary given by the state and his uncertain future at the school, he can not marry. He has to find other income. Cattle herding seems like the only way to earn something.UNITED NATIONS wants to reduce the rate of illiteracy in the world with 50% within 15 years. This films tell one story about why that will be difficult.
The fish that disappeared, by Bjørn Arntsen, 2015
Fifty years ago Lake Chad was one of the largest inland lakes of Africa. It was also extraordinarily well stocked with fish. Neither is the case anymore.
Gudja and the other fishermen of the Gilam quarter of Blangua face great difficulties in surviving from fishing. But is it so, as claimed by some, that the
reduced fish stocks of today can be explained by the lack of water? By joining Gudja and his fishing pals in their work out on the lake, and through
encounters with traditional authorities and modern administration, the underlying causes of the fish scarcity are revealed.
Diyam Wala: Water and life in Kalfou Cameroon
By Hamidou Moussa Dairou
Kalfou is a village in Far North Cameroon. It lies on the front-line of global climate change as the Sahara desert creeps ever southward into once fertile human habitats.
Halilou Siddiki, a Fulani elder of Kalfou, introduces us to the problem of chronic water shortage and shows us its effects on everyday life.
The whole region is becoming ever more marginal in feeding its people and the animals, central to the economy – and to culture.
The permanent drought situation is pushing some people to burn the bush in search of small animals and to make wood gathering and selling easier. Also climate change is forcing elephant herds to invade and destroy croplands. These secondary effects make the water problem worse. But the wet season finally arrives in Kalfou and along with the rain we see the blooming of the joy of life and abundant harvests.
But Halilou worries that the rain period gets shorter each year; that it will no longer sustain his people in their homelan
KILANTA: Housework in a Fulani Community, by Rachida Ibrahim, 2014
A Mbang Fulbe…
JUARKE ,Boys made men in Mboum society, By Mohamadou Saliou
The Mboum people have practiced male circumcision for decades. Until the middle of the last century, male circumcision was highly regarded as a period of initiation leading to a man’s status. Every year, children were sent to the buch and during their seclusion, cultural codes and knowledge of the community are given to them.
Nowadays, this mode of knowledge communication has phased out. Therefore, very often, there are conflicts of generation between the older and younger generations especially those who were borned and raised far from thier community.
By following a group of five children during their period of initiation, I show in this film how circumcision is practiced in this community. In spite of social changes and external pressures (urbanisation, modernity, HIV issues, etc), the effort and the will are there to make stable a social order resulting from this practice
Londji Plage: a Fishing Community in Cameroon, by Younouss Moussa
Londji Plage is a small village located in coastal area in South of Cameroon, 15 Km to Kribi. People live of fishing and many fishermen are migrants from Nigeria and from others parts of Cameroon. Fishing is a socio-economic system in this village.
This film is about the fishing community in Londji Plage, the interaction between actors in different fields and identities of migrant fishermen. It also shows how migrant fishermen are integrated into the social life of this lively fishing community
The Destiny of Belaka Saliou Saoumboum, by Evelyne , 2001
This film is a portrait of the 46th Belaka of the Mbum community of Ngaouha (Nganha), in the Adamawa province of North Cameroon.
An illustrious son, and a key person, in the fight for the betterment and recognition of his people.Through his personal account and that of two of his sixteen children, we wi
ll follow the story of his enthronement which reveals many facets of life in Ngaouha and its relations with the outside world.
Missionaries and Power, by Rachel Issa Djesa, 2001
Since 1949, Maïdawa Thomas had the vision that his people, the Dii, would one day have the Word of God in their mother tongue. Since then, he dedicated all his life to translating the Holy Scripture. He translated the entire Bible, but instead of having a Bible in the Dii language, he remains rather with this declaration:
“The work was well done, but, the application of this masterpiece is not for our times, it is for years to come.
Like many other ethnic groups living in the Northern Cameroon, people of Mindif have kept some of their ancestral traditions. Beside the attractive modern life, they continue to use their culture and traditions as references of their identities. This was made possible by a strong ruling policy exercised by the different Lamibé (sing: Lamido – king) of Mindif.
Marriage is a Partnership by Habi, 2002
For many years, North Cameroon has been considered as the less educated region in the country. As time has passed, more and more children has been sent to formal education, though with an imbalance between the sexes (fewer girls than boys). Female representation are weaker the higher up the educational ladder one looks. paradoxally, there’s a tendency towards insisting that a woman should attend some formal education to be able to “get” a husban
d; “but not to much because it might be dangerous or threatening to the consept of masculinity developed by men in the region.””Marriage Is A Partnership” is a documentary where students (mostly female) and lecturers (men) confirm, justify and/or condemn ideas and stereotypes linked to the status of the female Muslim student. The film enlightenes the public on the following question: Why is it so complicated for a female Muslim student from the northern part of Cameroon to find herself the man of her dreams, to get maried out of love, and foremost, to get married when she wishes, without taking into acount factors such as social commodities and material goods?
Cows Are Better Than Money by Abdoullahi Baba, 2003
The film brings us to the area of Djoundé, to one of numerous small villages in Northern cameroon. We get in touch with habibou and his everyday realities, struggling with his family to mak a living after having abandoned their nomadic way of life in exchange for sedentarization.
For habibou and his people, breeding cows is no longer their only concern. Farming, power, religious knowledge, the impact of the railway on their lives… all these sircumstances are part of their new reality.
Becoming sedentarized is not as easy as it may seem.
Struggle for a living, by Trond Waage 2002
This is a photo-documentary made through close collaboration between the anthropologist and the protagonist.
The main idea behind this film, made by stills, is to describe the struggle of a young poor man in Urban Africa; how he tries to earn some money, to get a house, to be able to marry and finally be a respected man. He tries out a lot of different relations and ways to develop his business, but he meets a lot of misfortune. Some how paradoxically, this makes him a better Muslim.
The Fish come with the Rain, by Bjørn Arntsen, 2000
A film that lets you experience the life of a group of fishermen in Blangua, a village on the banks of the river Chari, notfar from where it flows into Lake Chad.
Here, on fringe of the Sahara, you can find one of the larger inland fisheries in Africa. Sit back and enjoy the ride down the river in the pirogue and join in the fishing activities. You will see how humour and
close relationships are important ingredients in a depiction of life, where cultural encounters and natural
conditions with extreme variations make great demands on the ability to readjust to the surroundings.
The Sultan’s Burden, Lisbet Holtedahl & Jon Jerstad, 1992
Sultan ISSA MAIGARI of the Adamaoua Province, Northern Cameroon, is the traditional political and religious leader experiencing a violent transformation of the political structures in his country. he struggles to survive as a leader through the first democratic elections in Cameroon. How is he to keep the confidence of his court, of the local population and how is he to satisfy the president and the central authorities? His servants, his praise-singers, his wiwes, his concubines are all trying out solutions for him, but not necessarily successful ones.
Zenaibou, by Lisbet Holtedahl, 2002
Zavra, a Passer in Kapsiki Land, by Mouazamou Ahamadou, 2005
Kapsiki are split by colonial boundaries and a mountain chain. Through a passer’s every day life, Zavra’s, we understand how go-between are important for this community
Cyber Dreams, Alphonse Ndem Ahola, 2005
woman and some people surrounding her.
Bagyeli Welfare, by Dieudonne, Ongbwa,
This film is about the ways how Bagyeli (“Pygmies” group in Cameroon) manage to get healthy, when they are sick. The movie shows also the relationship Bagyeli people have with the forest in order to survive. From it they get food, medicine, income, but they face many challenges within the new environment.
Returning to the Past, Dieudonne, Ndanga
This film is about the struggle people are conducting to keep the pace in a context where things are changing quickly and the exchange flow with other cultures is more than never intensified. It aims to describe the outcome of a process of detribalisation during which ethnic groups had to relinquish their tradition to enlist in the modernisation as prescribed by the states government and dragged ahead by the western power. The film addresses a dilemma faced by tribesmen in Africa: should they stay faithful to customary lifestyle or go modern?
When Nomads Settle Amadou, Adamou
The film is about the current situation of a nomadic people, the Mbororo, in Cameroon. After leaving the bush to settle on the outskirts of the provincial capital of Ngaounderé, how do they deal with this new environment and how will it affect their lifestyle? The film highlights the coping strategies of the involved families, which in many ways stand in sharp contrast to customary activities. Due to their background as pastoral nomad, milk has played an important role, and has now become an important economic resource for the urban women.