The aim for the WP is to:
- Identify specific challenges related to renovation in Barents climate.
- Classify different conditions for soils, foundation, materials, structures and indoor environment.
- Determine preservation criteria for architectural and cultural values.
- Optimize for efficient energy performance and living conditions in northern climates using on-shelf technical equipment and assembled indoor design criteria.
HVAC sytem, energy systems in the countries of the Barents region
The overall objective of the project is to contribute to the reduced environmental impact from the building sector and reinforce opportunities for the development of cross border trade of goods and services. To achieve the objective, the project will bring effective operation and management of buildings of the Barents region into action by adapting concepts of energy efficiency and energy saving through upgrading or renovation.
This presentation provides a review of heat and ventilation systems that can be applied to energy renovation of residential buildings in Barents region countries.
In this presentation, the dominant types of residential buildings in BEAC (Norway, Finland, Sweden and Russia) are defined. National legislation and key technologies are described and analyzed in the context of renovation.
The presentation focuses on strategies that are modern and innovative, cost-effective and robust, and can be transposed to the Russian context.
The presentation revealed that a wider range of concepts and strategies than commonly used in Russia seems to be relevant.
There are also differences in the commonly used HVAC concepts and strategies for renovation between the BEAC. These differences can’t be explained by climate only, and differences in building code may be part of the reason.
The possibility of development of measures of complex increase in energy efficiency and sustainability of energy consumption system of the Dormitory of M.V. Lomonosov Northern (Arctic) Federal University is described.
Climate and soil conditions in the countries of the Barents region
The objective of this study is to provide the first overview and analysis of the characteristics of the existing climate and soil conditions in BEAC (Norway, Finland, Sweden and Russia), that creates the basis for planning of the construction process (building of the new objects and subsequent repair work).
The role of various meteorological factors on civil operations and building construction are of high importance. Being aware of meteorological parameters of the construction site including the amount and type of rainfall, temperature, humidity, direction and wind speed, detrimental environmental phenomena including heavy showers, heavy winds, local changeability, glacial times, heavy snow, etc. is essential before designing a building. It is quite evident that considering these items especially extreme values would result in sustainability and strength of the building against possible regional climate events and also cause the fall of energy loss at the time of exploitation. Besides the importance of climate factors, knowledge and attention to weather condition and taking necessary measures and action at the time of building construction, the utmost adjustment and correspondence of project activities with the weather forecast would decrease the possible damages and loss. This presentation attempts to consider long term climate data and the future of weather condition in order to highlight the significant role of weather and climate knowledge in construction operations.
Soil conditions – another very crucial factor for the planning of the construction and renovation process. The occurrence and distribution of soils in nature varies from location to location. The type of soil depends on the rock type, its mineral constituents and the climatic regime of the area. Soils are used as construction materials, or the civil engineering structures are founded in or on the surface of the earth. Geotechnical properties of soils influence the stability of civil engineering structures.
In this presentation, the climate, geology and geotechnics conditions in BEAC (Norway, Finland, Sweden and Russia) are defined, described and analyzed in the context of construction and renovation processes.
Architectural expression, cultural values in the countries of the Barents region
The objective of this study is study of the architecture of the residential development of the BEAC countries (Norway, Finland, Sweden and Russia), the identification and characteristics of the main stages of its development.
This study will create basis for planning of the construction process (building of the new objects, reconstruction or restoration works of the old objects and subsequent repair work).
Process of the facility management of residential building and planning its current and major repairs should solve a wide range of tasks, which include, for example, increasing the usable area of the building, a possible increase in the number of storeys, increasing the bearing capacity and rigidity of enclosing structures, replacing facade decorative and structural elements, increasing energy efficiency. All these technological changes should be carried out with the maximum preservation of the historical appearance of the building and the surrounding architectural development.