A film by Leonard Kamerling, Sarah Elder,
Joe Sun, an Iñupiaq elder from the village of Shungnak, grew up moving among seasonal camps in the Kobuk River Valley region of Alaska. He tells of the legendary Iñupiaq prophet, Maniilaq, who predicted that “people with a different language would come and live among the Iñupiaq, and from that point on, everything would be changed. He even predicted that people would start traveling in the air.” Joe Sun’s talk is known as an uqaaqtuaq. Elders gave such talks to young people who came seeking information or advice.