Daria Kosheleva: PhD project

Working title: “Future tense in Russian: Factors and strategies for native speakers and foreign language learners”

Supervisors: Laura A. Janda, Tore Nesset

Summary:

My PhD project is on future tense in Russian: the imperfective periphrastic form (budu pisat’ ‘I will write’) and the perfective inflectional form (napišu ‘I will write’). The dissertation will shed light on why and when native speakers use future tense and what role aspect plays in this choice.

According to my corpus research, perfective non-past form is the default way of expressing future: the ratio between perfective and imperfective future forms in Russian National Corpus is 13:1. Non-native speakers tend to overuse the imperfective future (Swan 2017: 825). My goal is to find ways of helping to correct this imbalance. I also found out that nearly half of the perfective forms express not only future or even something other than future, including events that are not grounded (Langacker 2008: 306) in time. This number is a few times lower for the imperfective future. It also seems that the meanings of future tense are connected with each other and form a radial category (Lakoff 1987: 91).

References:

  • Lakoff G. Women, fire, and dangerous things. University of Chicago press, 1987.
  • Langacker, R. Cognitive grammar: A basic introduction. OUP USA, 2008.
  • Swan, Oscar. 2017. A Learner’s Sketch of the Russian Tense-Aspect System. Slavic and East European Journal, vol. 61, no.4, pp. 825–843.

Project duration: 2018 – 2022

 

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