Word Formation in Non-Standard Russian

Principal investigator: Svetlana Sokolova

Project title: Word-formation in non-standard Russian

Summary of the project:

What drives non-standard language? For instance, referring to his fruitful labor, a Russian speaker could say – Neploxo rabotnul! ‘Well done!’– using the innovative verb rabotnut’ instead of porabotat’ ‘worked’. In non-standard Russian, verbs bearing the semelfactive marker –nu– can perform various actional functions, ranging from semelfactives to Natural Perfectives and even delimitatives. At the same time there is a strong tendency to overuse the prefix za– which basically becomes a default prefix. Moreover, a lexicalized pattern can be replaced with a different one as in the verb zamodelirovat’ ‘model’ prefixed in za-, frequently used in non-standard Russian instead of smodelirovat’ prefixed in s-. Similar processes are attested in the nominal domain, where there is an informal tendency to replace existing relational adjectives containing –sk– with the suffix –ovsk-, often with a derogatory sense, which leads to variation like ukrainskij – ukrainovskij ‘Ukranian’ (xitryj ukrainovskij projekt ‘sly Ukranian project’). We collect an extensive list of such “extravagant” patterns, compare them with variation patterns in the standard language and analyze the strategies that are used by the speakers.

Project duration: 2009 – present

Key publications:

Sokolova, Svetlana; Laken, Katarina (2019). More on Ukraine and the Internet:
Suffix Variation in Russian. Slavic Cognitive Lingusitis Conference (SCLC-2019), Harvard University, October 12-14 2019.

Sokolova, Svetlana (2015). “Rabotnul na slavu – gul’ni smelo!”: –NU- As a Universal Aspectual Marker in Non-standard Russian. Proceedings of The Fifth Conference of the International Commission on Aspectology, Kyoto Sangyo University, Kyoto, Japan, November 13-15, 2015, pp. 271-277. ISBN 978-4-905726-35-7: https://munin.uit.no/handle/10037/10057

Sokolova, Svetlana (2009). Zasmotrite i zacenite: produktivnost’ pristavki za- v sovremennom russkom jazyke. Poljarnyj vestnik. Reports from Tromsø University Department of Russian 12, pp. 43-63: https://munin.uit.no/handle/10037/3162

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