New IRGR Publication – Ex-Pirates in Somalia: Processes of Engagement, Disengagement, and Reintegration

The IRGR is proud to announce the publication of a new study on the reintegration of ex-pirates in Somalia by IRGR member Ingvild Gjelsvik and colleague Tore Bjørgo.

This study addresses how and why individuals in Somalia get involved in piracy activities, and how and why some of these individuals eventually disengage from such criminal groups. Based on qualitative interviews with 16 ex-pirates and pirate associates and a number of other locals and experts, the study provides first-hand insights into some of the conditions, circumstances, and processes which may serve to discourage involvement and continued engagement in piracy. Furthermore, it analyses factors and circumstances which may encourage and facilitate disengagement from these criminal activities and reintegration into non-criminal economic activities and social relationships. The lack of employment and livelihood motivated individuals to engage in piracy. However, disappointment about the lack of expected profit, coupled with the prospect of a licit income, influenced some to end their piracy involvement. Another important factor was the strong statements by local Muslim leaders that piracy was haram (forbidden). This was often reinforced by family and community objections to their involvement in piracy. Family members also played important roles in facilitating their disengagement. The ‘Alternative Livelihood to Piracy’ project played a positive role in facilitating disengagement from piracy, working closely with local religious leaders and the communities.

The full article can be found here.

Welcome to the new IRGR website!


Greetings and welcome to the new IRGR website. In the blog section of the site we hope to bring you posts from our core members as well as affiliates on a range of topics on the cutting edge of reintegration research. Field-reports, article reviews and editorials are all in the works! Stay tuned!